International transportation is a rather complicated field of activity. It requires the acquired experience, extensive opportunities, reliability and openness.
VED Agent, possessing the listed advantages, offers its customers all types of export-import transportations and their various combinations.
The main types of transportation
- International air transportation.
- Automobile international transportation.
- Maritime international shipping.
- International rail transportation.
- International container transport.
- Multimodal transportation.
With the growth of the economy, the number of international freight traffic is increasing every year. The success of a business depends on communication with international partners and on the quality of goods delivery through international communications.
This direction of transport logistics needs a special approach, since any transportation is interconnected with some difficulties and costs. Each country puts forward its own requirements for documentation, so the delivery may be delayed. It is the transporting company that can save customer time and deal with these issues.
Today this type of services is in great demand. The success depends on the choice of a right logistics company. VED Agent has extensive experience in the delivery of goods to other countries and deals with various types of import-export transportation.
International cargo transportation implies crossing two or even more state borders. There are several types of transport logistics directions.
International air transportation
This option for transporting goods is considered to be the fastest. But its cost significantly exceeds the other types of cargo transportation. The use of helicopters or airplanes is inevitable in the case of the delivery of goods to those areas where communication with railways or roads is complicated or impossible. Also, air travel is required when time is of the utmost importance. This type of delivery ensures the maximum cargo safety.
The extensive road network allows to elaborate a more flexible route. The delivery of goods does not finish at the transport station (railway station, airport, seaport), the goods are delivered directly to the destination point. Such transportation is characterized by high speed and minimal risk of loss of goods – the cargo safety control is ensured. The trucking price is more cost-efficient compared with air delivery.
International railway transportation
Such modes of transport as automobile, air or sea transport are significantly affected by weather conditions. They can significantly delay the delivery, which adversely affects the expiry dates and quality of goods. Trains carry cargo in almost all weather conditions. This delivery option allows you to transport goods of different volume and mass (including oversized goods). The availability of international traffic is greatly enhanced by the availability of railway cars for special types of cargo.
International container shipping
The containers have standard sizes and are easily transported by any transport. This type of delivery ensures the safety of the goods during transportation. The container is sealed in the presence of a customer representative and the at the destination point the customer or his agent breaks the seal.
International sea transport
This type helps to reliably and economically deliver goods from one continent to another, the alternative option would be the use of helicopters or airplanes. Ships can hold large volumes of cargo. Also in this case, it is possible to transport oversized goods by sea.
With this delivery option, the goods will be transported by 2 or more modes of transport. If the same carrier company carries out all the stages, the time for filling out documents, solving problems and customs clearance is significantly reduced. Cooperation with only one company will be much more profitable. This option of transportation involves the development of its own route with a choice of modes of transport and speed.
These are international rules in the form of a dictionary that interpret the most widely used terms in foreign trade.
“Ex Works” (named place) - with this type of cargo transportation, the seller transfers the goods to the buyer to the company site or to any specified location. These can be warehouses, plants or factories. The seller is not responsible for paying customs duties, loading products on vehicles provided by the buyer, for customs clearance of goods, if this has not been previously agreed. According to the basis of such a delivery, the buyer bears all possible costs and risks associated with the transfer of goods from the seller’s territory to the specified location.
Using “Free Carrier” type, the seller transfers to the carrier the goods that have been released in the customs regime of export in a previously agreed place. The choice of destination affects the obligations for loading / unloading products. If the delivery is made at the seller’s premises or in another place, the seller is fully responsible for this process. It is recommended to clearly determine the destination, as otherwise it is the buyer who takes the risk.
“Free Alongside Ship” is the type of transportation in which the seller delivers the cargo placed along the side of the vessel on the quay. It may also be located on barges in the specified place. The seller passes over the risk of damage to the product or its loss when the product is located along the side of the vessel. After that, the buyer personally bears all possible costs.
In the case of freight transportation of the “Free On Board” type, the seller takes the responsibility for the delivery until the cargo has passed on board the vessel at the indicated destination. The seller passes over the risk of damage to the product or its loss when the product is on board.
“Cost, Insurance and Freight” - the delivery is deemed to have been completed when the cargo passed onto the ship at the port of shipment. With this type of transportation, the costs and freight are paid by the seller, the risk of damage or loss of goods, like other costs that arise after shipment, are transferred to the buyer.
“Cost and Freight” - at the moment when the cargo has passed on board the vessel at the place of shipment, the seller is considered to have fulfilled all the obligations imposed on him. The costs and freight for delivery to the destination are paid by the seller. The risk of damage or loss of goods and other additional costs pass to the buyer when the goods are placed on the ship at the port of shipment.
In case the parties do not intend to deliver the goods through the ship's rail, the term CPT should be used.
“Carriage Paid To” (“Carriage Paid To”) - the seller transfers the goods released in the customs regime of export to the carrier. All costs associated with transportation to the destination are paid by the seller. The buyer assumes the possible risks of damage or loss of goods, as well as other expenses, after its transfer to the carrier.
“Carriage and Insurance Paid to” (“Freight / Carriage and Insurance Paid Until”). With this type of delivery, the seller transfers the goods that are released in the customs regime of export to the carrier and pays all costs associated with transportation to the destination. The buyer must bear all additional costs and risks immediately after the seller transfers the goods to the carrier. According to the type of CIP delivery, the seller is to insure against risks of damage and loss of cargo during transportation. A contract is concluded, insurance premiums are paid. The buyer must take into account the fact that according to CIP the seller must provide insurance with a minimum of coverage.
“Delivered At Terminal” - the seller is deemed to have completed the delivery when the goods released in the customs export regime are unloaded from the arrived vehicle and delivered to the buyer in an agreed terminal of destination. The term “terminal” means any place, including an air, automobile or railway cargo terminal, warehouse, dock, etc. The terms of delivery of this type oblige the seller to bear all the risks and expenses associated with the delivery of the cargo and its unloading, including any fees for export from the country of destination (if required).
"Delivered At Point" - "delivery in point." The seller is deemed to have fulfilled all the obligations imposed on him when he provided the buyer with goods released in the customs regime of export, ready for unloading from the vehicle. The conditions of such transportation oblige the seller to bear all the risks and expenses associated with the delivery to the destination, including any fees for the export (if necessary) from the country of destination.
"Delivered Duty Paid" in English means "delivery with payment of duty." The seller transfers the goods to the buyer, previously passed import and export customs clearance and ready for unloading from the arrived vehicle. This takes place at an agreed destination. The seller bears all possible costs and risks associated with the products delivery.
The word “fees” should be understood as risks, as well as responsibility for special customs clearance, payment of taxes, duties and other fees.
The main principle in choosing a company that provides international transportation should be its reputation. VED Agent perfectly copes with its work and assumes all responsibility for the transportation and safety of goods. Reliability and quality are the result of experience. The company VED Agent provides the best value for money.